What is spirituality?
Spirituality means different things to different people. It refers to the way in which we make sense of the world, as people and as communities, especially in regard to the big questions (about things like suffering and death) which have no answer.
Spirituality is often identified with formal religion but it also includes all the ways in which humans try to make sense of how we fit in with the larger scheme of things, what our ultimate meaning and purpose is. At the heart of the idea of spirituality is a sense of relationship – with other people, with nature and the universe, with deep values.
For Māori, the terms 'wairuatanga' or 'wairua' are used to speak of the spiritual dimension and things pertaining to the spirit of an individual or living being (as in the 'wairua' or spiritual essence of each living thing). Values, beliefs and practices related to wairua are considered an essential cornerstone of Māori health and well-being.
Te Whare Tapa Whā is an important health promotion model which represents the 4 walls of a house as the 4 integral aspects of wellbeing: